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HomeProcurementCrucial Procurement Techniques for Managing Currency Fluctuations

Crucial Procurement Techniques for Managing Currency Fluctuations

Procurement plays a crucial role in managing currency fluctuations, because it involves the purchasing of goods and services from different countries. Fluctuations in currency exchange rates can have a significant impact on the purchased cost, which can affect the overall profitability of a company. The procurement function will help to mitigate currency fluctuations by actively monitoring exchange rates and identifying opportunities, to lock in favorable rates through hedging strategies. Additionally, procurement professionals can work with suppliers to explore alternative sourcing options in different regions or countries with more stable currencies. Companies can reduce their exposure to fluctuations, by diversifying the supply chain and sourcing from a mix of different suppliers in various locations. In summary, the procurement role is essential because it involves strategic sourcing that can help mitigate risks. It can also help to protect the company from the adverse effects of currency movements.

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Image taken from SIPMM: https://publication.sipmm.edu.sg/mitigating-risks-implementing-procurement-technology/

Forward or Future Contracts

Hedging through forward or futures contracts involves agreeing to buy or sell a financial asset at a specified price at a future date. This will allow a company to protect against potential losses from adverse price movements in the underlying asset, by locking in a price in advance. For example, a company may use futures contracts to hedge against fluctuations in interest rates or commodity prices. This will protect them from the adverse movements in the exchange rate that could increase their costs. Sudden changes in exchange rates can lead to higher costs for imported goods, lower revenues from exports and overall reduced profitability. These hedging strategies are common risk management tools used by businesses to mitigate the impact of market volatility on their portfolios. It will allow them to establish a fixed price for an asset in the future, reducing uncertainty and potential losses.

Options Hedging

Hedging through options is important because it will allow companies to protect against potential losses resulting from adverse moves in exchange rates. Options provide the right, but not the obligation, to buy or sell a currency at a specified exchange rate at a future date. It can also help to mitigate the impact of currency fluctuations on a company’s profits, cash flows and balance sheet. Companies can lock in favorable exchange rates and protect against unfavorable rate movements by using options to hedge against currency risks. This can help reduce volatility in earnings and to ensure the predictability of cash flows, which is important for budgeting and financial planning. Overall, hedging through options provides a flexible and efficient way to manage currency risks and protect against potential losses. However, it is important to consult with a financial advisor to develop a suitable hedging strategy based on specific needs and circumstances.

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Image taken from SIPMM: https://publication.sipmm.edu.sg/adopting-lean-practices-effective-procurement/

Currency Diversification

Currency diversification refers to holding investments in different currencies, to reduce the risks associated with exposure to a single currency. Investors can protect themselves against the negative effects of currency fluctuations, by diversifying holdings across multiple currencies. Currency diversifications can help in managing currency fluctuations, by spreading risk across different currencies. If one currency depreciates, the losses can be offset by gains in other currencies. This can help to stabilize overall returns and reduce the impact of sudden and significant currency movements. However, it is important to note that currency diversification does not eliminate currency risks. Fluctuations in exchange rates can still affect the value of investments denominated in different currencies. It is also important to carefully consider the selection of currencies for diversification, and also, to monitor the performance of each currency. This will help to ensure that the overall portfolio remains balanced and well-diversified.


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Amy Fung Poh Ying
Amy Fung Poh Ying
Amy Fung Poh Ying has extensive experiences in the specialized field of procurement and supply, and specifically in the food industry. She holds SIPMM Executive Certificate in Inventory Management, and is a member of the Singapore Institute of Purchasing and Materials Management (SIPMM). Amy completed the Diploma in Procurement and Supply Management (DPSM) on March 2024 at SIPMM Institute.
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