Research in robotics technology started in early 60s, and the first self-sufficient and autonomous cars appeared in the 1980s at Carnegie Mellon University. Automation and Robotics Technology have gone through a lot of evolution in the last few decades. In recent years, digital technology has enabled the trial testing of autonomous vehicles. This led to the development of autonomous vehicles that were researched by Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA).
The Five Different Levels of Autonomous Technology
Autonomous vehicle technology conducted tests on a range of prototype vehicles.
Level 0 (No Automation)
The driver is in complete control of braking, steering, throttle and power at all times.
Level 1 (Function-Specific Automation)
One or more specific control functions, such as electronic stability control or vehicle-assisted braking, operate automatically.