The efficient transportation of natural gas from production areas to consumption areas requires extensive and complex transportation systems. In many cases, the natural gas produced from a specific well must travel a long distance before it can be delivered to the final consumer. The natural gas transportation system consists of a complex pipeline network designed to transport natural gas quickly and effectively from the place of production to market. The transportation of natural gas is closely related to its storage. If the natural gas does not need to be transported immediately, it can be placed in a storage facility when needed. This article discusses some crucial factors for transporting natural gas.
Environmental Impact of Air and Water Pollution
Although there are many characteristics that make natural gas an efficient, relatively clean combustion and economical energy. However, there are some environmental and safety issues that need to be considered in the production and use of natural gas. The serious impacts on our communities and wasteland include pollution, global warming emissions, climate change, wasteland ruins, etc.Air pollution is a well-known environmental health hazard. Burning natural gas will produces a form of nitrogen oxides (NOx), which is a precursor to smog. The development of unconventional natural gas will affect local and regional air quality. Dangerous air pollutants and two of the six “standard pollutants”—particulate matter and ozone and their precursors—in some areas where drilling occurred because of their harmful effects on health and the environment. Long-term inhalation of high concentrations of air pollutants can cause adverse health consequences, including cancer, respiratory symptoms and cardiovascular disease.
Unconventional oil and gas development will pose a risk to health of nearby communities because the drinking water sources are contaminated by hazardous chemicals used in drilling wellbores, hydraulic fracturing, oil or gas processing and refining, or wastewater treatment. The large amount of water used in unconventional oil and gas development has also caused water supply problems in some communities.
Global Warming and Wildlife
Drilling and mining natural gas from the well and transporting it through pipelines can cause methane leakage. The components of natural gas include ethane, butane, and propane, of which methane is the main component. Whether natural gas has low life-cycle greenhouse gas emissions depends on factors such as leakage rate, global warming potential of methane in different time frames, and energy conversion efficiency.The construction and land disturbance required for oil and gas drilling can lead to erosion and demolition of wildlife habitats and migration patterns, thereby changing land use and damaging local ecosystems. When oil and gas operators’ cleanup sites to build well sites, pipelines, and passageway, the construction process can cause dirt, minerals, and other harmful pollutants to erode into nearby streams.