In the early 2010s, machine-to-machine innovation, or M2M technology, has matured with the advancement of communications, such as RFID, Wi-Fi, and cellular network. Sensors could be deployed to allow communications between different mechanization parts to support operations decisions.
The advancement and integration of communications and machines facilitate M2M system to gain better control over hardware operations and allow for intelligent operations decision-making. The automation of massive data collection and exchange, also greatly improves situation awareness and facilitates the development of operational strategies. The diagram below illustrates the potential applications that could benefit from the use of M2M technology.