Hazardous chemicals are substances, mixtures or articles that pose a significant threat to the environmental, health, and safety well-being of workers if they are not managed in a safe and compliant manner. In regard to chemical hazards, it consists of an inherent set of properties that are associated with the chemical that could cause adverse effects to organisms or the environment.
There are two main types of hazards associated with hazardous chemicals. The basic two main categories of hazards are defined as health hazards and physicochemical hazards. These hazards may present immediate or long-term illness or injury to people.
Health Risks from Hazardous Chemicals
These are hazards with properties that have the potential to cause harm to human health. Exposure to hazardous chemical can cause harm to human health. There are three main routes of exposure. These routes of exposure include inhalation, ingestion and skin contact. Exposure to hazardous chemicals can lead to short-term(acute) and long-term(chronic) effects. Some short-term effects include nausea, skin corrosion and vomiting, while long-term effects can include asthma, nerve-damage and cancer.