Reverse logistics is the set of activities that is conducted after the sale of a product to recapture value and end the product’s life cycle. It typically involves returning a product to the manufacturer or forwarding it on for servicing, refurbishment or recycling.
Environmental Impact of Plastic Pollution
Marine litter, consisting of between 60-80% plastics, is now seen as a major anthropocentric stressors to the ocean and its biodiversity (United Nations Environment Program, 2019). With an estimated 500 million people, as well as industries worth billions of dollars dependent on healthy reef ecosystems, the continued decline in coral cover and shifts in community composition globally are an extremely worrying trend from economic, social and ecological perspectives. It was estimated that, based on extrapolated data, reefs and their organisms will have been exposed to 15.7 billion macro plastic items by 2025, under ‘business as usual’ scenarios. This represents a 40% increase from 2010 levels.